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Day of Knowledge - the 1st of September
The start of September heralds the beginning of the new school year in Russia, when millions of children across the country return to the classroom after the summer break. The first day back is known as Knowledge Day, and it's a special time for first-graders. They meet their teachers for the first time and present them with flowers. It's an old Russian custom. The day starts with the ringing of a bell, when a first-year pupil rings a school bell while being carried on the shoulders of a final-year student.
Knowledge Day (Russian: День Знаний), often simply called 1st of September, is the day when the school year traditionally starts in Russia and many other former Soviet republics. This day also marks the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. It has special significance for the incoming class of first graders who come to school for the first time and often participate in a celebratory assembly on this date. The day also involves the First Bell (Первый Звонок) where a first grade girl is lifted on the shoulders of a 12th grade male pupil, and paraded around, ringing the first bell of the school year. Students in other grades may begin studies on September 1st or a few days later, usually without any special festivities.
September 1st has an iconic cultural status in the Russian-speaking world and is immediately recognized there primarily in connection with beginning of the school year. For instance, a well-known rhymed slogan is 1st of September is the red day in the calendar ("red" meaning special, первое сентября - красный день календаря).
It is also known as a day of remembrance for the Beslan school hostage crisis.
I wish health and well-being to all schoolchildren and students,
teachers and parents and other people.